The Jutland horse can be traced back
to the 12th century, although 9th century pictures of Danish warriors
show them riding horses which appear quite similar to the modern
Jutland. The Jutland was used not only in a draft capacity, but
was also a popular mount for the knights of medieval times. They
had both the strength and the stamina to excel at carrying the heavy
armor, although now they are not commonly used as riding horses.
There is a theory that the Vikings took Danish horses into England
and that the Suffolk Punch developed from these, and there are certainly
similarities between the modern Jutland and the Suffolk. During
the 18th century, Fredericksborg blood was introduced to the breed
which was responsible for improving their paces.
However, it was a Suffolk Punch stallion
that was to have a major influence on the development of the modern
Jutland. The stallion was Oppenheim LXII who was imported to the
region in 1860 by the well-known horse trader, Oppenheimer of Hamburg,
who specialized in Suffolk Punches. The Jutland is also believed
to have Cleveland Bay and Yorkshire Coach Horse blood, which
is the combination that gives rise to its heavy, but attractive,
draft appearance. The Jutland is closely related to the Schleswig
Heavy draft horse of North Germany, which can also be traced back
The Jutland is a compact, heavy horse
with short, stocky legs, and feathering, which breeders are trying
to eliminate from the breed. In the past they have been criticized
as having weak joints, which again, the breeders have been trying
to improve. They have quite similar conformation to the Suffolk
Punch but are generally considered to have a less-refined head than
the Suffolk. The neck is carried high, and is typically thick and
muscular, set to quite upright shoulders. They are very broad and
deep through the chest and have a rounded barrel and short back.
Typically they are chestnut in color,
although they were originally black or brown, and stand around 15.3
hh, weighing approximately 1,500 to 1,800 pounds. The Jutland is
used by the Carlsberg brewery for pulling their drays, and they
travel to many shows and festivals competing and putting on demonstrations.
Sadly, they are rarely used in the agricultural fields for which
they were bred.
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