The Deliboz is a breed originated in
Kazakh, Akstafe, and Tauz in Azerbaijan and the adjacent areas of
Georgia and Armenia. Earlier publications described it as the Azerbaijan
Specialists singled out a specific Deliboz
type among large horse populations studied in the 1930s and late
1940s. Those horses were improved by Arabian and Karabakh saddle-type
stallions. Deliboz horses spread widely throughout western Azerbaijan.
In 1943 a State Breeding Cooperative was established to improve
horse populations of the Republic.
Since the 1950s Azerbaijan horses have
been improved by Arabian and Tersk sires while Karabakh was bred
separately. Crossbreeding involved horses of the Deliboz type.
Deliboz horses differ from others by
a clean, short head with a broad forehead and narrow nose, a compact
heavy neck, a ribbed massive body with a good top line and an even,
long back and loin. Legs are clean and well proportioned and the
cannon bone girth is larger than that of other horses.
Deliboz is characterized by unstable
temperament and predominantly rack (or pace) gait. A typical feature
is a peculiar lengthwise fold on the tongue giving the impression
of a forked tongue.
Average withers height is 152 cm, chest
girth 172 cm and cannon bone girth 19.4 cm.
The Deliboz horses show good working
capacity. They easily cover 45-55 km a day in highlands under a
pack weighing 115-130 kg, and 70 km under a rider. The best racing
results are 1 min 56 sec for 1600 m and 2 min 55 sec for 2400 m.
At present the pedigree nucleus of Deliboz
is represented by descendants of Tersk stallions Tselostat and Pygmalion;
therefore the problem arises of how to restore the breeding nucleus
of local horses. Dashyuz stud farm has the 140 most typical Deliboz
horses including breeding mares with a high proportion of Tersk
blood. It is planned to breed them pure but with single back crossing
to one or two stallions with little Tersk blood in order to preserve
the valuable traits of the crosses.
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