The Iomud is an ancient
breed, closely related to the Akhal-Teke and descended from the
old Turkmenian horses. The Iomud developed in Southern Turkmenia,
and has, over the centuries, been influenced by infusions of Arabian,
Kazakh, Mongolian, Turkmene, and more recently, Akhal-Teke blood.
The Iomuds were typically
kept in herds, which were run over the desert and semi-desert regions.
Because of this, it is able to survive on minimal fodder and water,
as well as being able to cope well with extreme climatic conditions.
Like the Akhal-Teke, the Iomud has a toughness that is rarely equalled
by any other breed. Their powers of stamina and endurance are legendary.
They have been developed primarily as riding horses, although they
are also useful in harness and are very versatile. They have also
been used for racing since 1925, and show a considerable turn of
speed, although in the most part they do not surpass the Akhal-Teke
in this area.
The Iomud is, sadly, in
very real danger of extinction now, although there are efforts being
made to re-establish the breed. According to a publication in 1989
there were only 616 purebred Iomuds remaining in the world. They
make excellent riding horses and have a natural jumping ability,
which, combined with their speed, makes them very good competition
horses. They also have a particularly sound constitution, are long-lived
and have good temperaments.
In appearance, the Iomud
has less of the greyhound shape of the Akhal-Teke, and has a heavier,
more compact frame. They have attractive heads with an honest look,
and often a slightly Roman profile. The ears are small, alert, and
mobile, and the eyes are large and kind. Their neck is in proportion
to the body, and is muscular and well formed, with a gentle curve
from withers to poll. The withers themselves are reasonably prominent,
and the back is quite long, straight, and muscular. The shoulders
are nicely sloping, and as a result, the Iomud has a particularly
good, smooth, and free-flowing stride. The quarters are muscular,
and the croup slightly sloping, Their legs are exceptionally strong
and sound, as are the hooves. They are usually gray, but are sometimes
black or bay in color, and stand at approximately 15 hands high.
Return to Horse Breeds page