The Avelignese gets its
name from Avelengo, an area of the Alto Adige, which has been an
Italian region since 1918. The Avelignese pony is Italy's version
of the Haflinger. The two breeds bear
a striking resemblance to each other. They are also both believed
to be related to the ancient Avellinum-Halfinger and both breeds
have bloodlines traceable back to the stallion El Bedavi. El Badavi
was an oriental stallion bought by the Austrian Commission in Arabia.
Although the Avelignese is considered a coldblood, and exhibits
many characteristics of a coldblood, they do owe a debt to oriental
Today the Avelignese is
widely bred throughout Tuscany, Emilia, and Central Southern Italy,
although it is also found throughout Italy and is considered to
be the most prolific Italian breed. They are very tough and enduring,
which is due in part to the rocky, mountainous environments in which
they were developed. They are larger than the
Haflinger, both in height and stature,
and are a good middleweight type.
The Avelignese is a very
versatile pony, and is used in harness for working the land in regions
inaccessible to motorized vehicles. They are very surefooted over
rough terrain and have exceptionally hard and well-formed feet.
They are often used for both pack animals and for pony trekking.
Their quiet, unflappable temperament, which is typical for a coldblood,
makes them the ideal mount for children, novice, or nervous riders.
Their very muscular frame
makes them capable of carrying adults, and they typically make the
ideal family pony. Although their build is fairly massive and stout,
they are not unattractive and generally have good conformation.
In appearance, the head is generally fine with quality. They have
broad foreheads, with the head tapering to a fine muzzle. They are
thick through the neck, which is short and very muscular, and they
have powerful shoulders and are built for suitability for carrying
a harness collar.
The shoulder is quite upright,
and the stride fairly short; they have broad chests and wide, compact
backs. The hindquarters are muscular and well-rounded. Conformation
of the legs is generally good and they have hard, dense bone, well-formed
joints, and some feathering around the fetlocks. They are
with a flaxen mane and tail and can stand only up to 14.3 hh.
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